An entity acquires assets and assumes liabilities in a business combination. One of the groups of assets acquired comprises Assets A, B and C.
Asset C is billing software integral to the business developed by the acquired entity for its own use in conjunction with Assets A and B (the related assets). The entity measures the fair value of each of the assets individually, consistently with the specified unit of account for the assets. The entity determines that the highest and best use of the assets is their current use and that each asset would provide maximum value to market participants principally through its use in combination with other assets or with other assets and liabilities (its complementary assets and the associated liabilities).
There is no evidence to suggest that the current use of the assets is not their highest and best use.
The reporting entity would sell the assets in the market in which it initially acquired the assets (that is, the entry and exit markets from the perspective of the entity are the same). Market participant buyers with whom the entity would enter into a transaction in that market have characteristics that are generally representative of both strategic buyers (such as competitors) and financial buyers (such as private equity or venture capital firms that do not have complementary investments) and include those buyers that initially bid for the assets.
Although market participant buyers might be broadly classified as strategic or financial buyers, in many cases there will be differences among the market participant buyers within each of those groups, reflecting, for example, different uses for an asset and different operating strategies.
Identifying an asset group for valuation purposes
Differences between the indicated fair values of the individual assets relate principally to the use of the assets by those market participants within different asset groups:
(a) Strategic buyer asset group. The reporting entity determines that strategic buyers have related assets that would enhance the value of the group within which the assets would be used (i.e., there would be market participant synergies). Those assets include a substitute asset for Asset C (the billing software), which would be used for only a limited transition period and could not be sold on its own at the end of that period. Because strategic buyers have substitute assets, Asset C would not be used for its full remaining economic life. The indicated fair values of Assets A, B and C within the strategic buyer asset group (reflecting the synergies resulting from the use of the assets within that group) are €360, €260, and €30, respectively. The indicated fair value of the assets as a group within the strategic buyer asset group is €650.
(b) Financial buyer asset group. The entity determines that financial buyers do not have related or substitute assets that would enhance the value of the group within which the assets would be used.
Because financial buyers do not have substitute assets, Asset C (the billing software) would be used for its full remaining economic life. The indicated fair values of Assets A, B and C within the financial buyer asset group are €300, €200 and €100, respectively. The indicated fair value of the assets as a group within the financial buyer asset group is €600.
The fair values of Assets A, B and C would be determined on the basis of the use of the assets as a group within the strategic buyer group (CU360, €260 and €30). Although the use of the assets within the strategic buyer group does not maximize the fair value of each of the assets individually, it maximizes the fair value of the assets as a group (€650).
Identifying an asset group for valuation purposes Identifying an asset group for valuation purposes Identifying an asset group for valuation purposes