IFRS 12 Interests In Subsidiaries – FAQ | IFRS

IFRS 12 Interests in subsidiaries

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Interests in subsidiaries

10 An entity shall disclose information that enables users of its consolidated financial statements

  1. to understand:
    1. the composition of the group; and
    2. the interest that non-controlling interests have in the group’s activities and cash flows (paragraph 12); and
  2. to evaluate:
    1. the nature and extent of significant restrictions on its ability to access or use assets, and settle liabilities, of the group (paragraph 13);
    2. the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with its interests in consolidated structured entities (paragraphs 14–17);
    3. the consequences of changes in its ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control (paragraph 18); and
    4. the consequences of losing control of a subsidiary during the reporting period (paragraph 19).

11 When the financial statements of a subsidiary used in the preparation of consolidated financial statements are as of a date or for a period that is different from that of the consolidated financial statements (see paragraphs B92 and B93 of IFRS 10), an entity shall disclose:

  1. the date of the end of the reporting period of the financial statements of that subsidiary; and
  2. the reason for using a different date or period.

The interest that non-controlling interests have in the group’s activities and cash flows

12 An entity shall disclose for each of its subsidiaries that have non-controlling interests that are material to the reporting entity:

  1. the name of the subsidiary.
  2. the principal place of business (and country of incorporation if different from the principal place of business) of the subsidiary.
  3. the proportion of ownership interests held by non-controlling interests.
  4. the proportion of voting rights held by non-controlling interests, if different from the proportion of ownership interests held.
  5. the profit or loss allocated to non-controlling interests of the subsidiary during the reporting period.
  6. accumulated non-controlling interests of the subsidiary at the end of the reporting period.
  7. summarised financial information about the subsidiary (see paragraph B10).

The nature and extent of significant restrictions

13 An entity shall disclose:

  1. significant restrictions (eg statutory, contractual and regulatory restrictions) on its ability to access or use the assets and settle the liabilities of the group, such as:
    1. those that restrict the ability of a parent or its subsidiaries to transfer cash or other assets to (or from) other entities within the group.
    2. guarantees or other requirements that may restrict dividends and other capital distributions being paid, or loans and advances being made or repaid, to (or from) other entities within the group.
  2. the nature and extent to which protective rights of non-controlling interests can significantly restrict the entity’s ability to access or use the assets and settle the liabilities of the group (such as when a parent is obliged to settle liabilities of a subsidiary before settling its own liabilities, or approval of non-controlling interests is required either to access the assets or to settle the liabilities of a subsidiary).
  3. the carrying amounts in the consolidated financial statements of the assets and liabilities to which those restrictions apply.

Nature of the risks associated with an entity’s interests in consolidated structured entities

14 An entity shall disclose the terms of any contractual arrangements that could require the parent or its subsidiaries to provide financial support to a consolidated structured entity, including events or circumstances that could expose the reporting entity to a loss (eg liquidity arrangements or credit rating triggers associated with obligations to purchase assets of the structured entity or provide financial support).

15 If during the reporting period a parent or any of its subsidiaries has, without having a contractual obligation to do so, provided financial or other support to a consolidated structured entity (eg purchasing assets of or instruments issued by the structured entity), the entity shall disclose:

  1. the type and amount of support provided, including situations in which the parent or its subsidiaries assisted the structured entity in obtaining financial support; and
  2. the reasons for providing the support.

16 If during the reporting period a parent or any of its subsidiaries has, without having a contractual obligation to do so, provided financial or other support to a previously unconsolidated structured entity and that provision of support resulted in the entity controlling the structured entity, the entity shall disclose an explanation of the relevant factors in reaching that decision.

17 An entity shall disclose any current intentions to provide financial or other support to a consolidated structured entity, including intentions to assist the structured entity in obtaining financial support.

Consequences of changes in a parent’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control

18 An entity shall present a schedule that shows the effects on the equity attributable to owners of the parent of any changes in its ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control.

Consequences of losing control of a subsidiary during the reporting period

19 An entity shall disclose the gain or loss, if any, calculated in accordance with paragraph 25 of IFRS 10, and:

  1. the portion of that gain or loss attributable to measuring any investment retained in the former subsidiary at its fair value at the date when control is lost; and
  2. the line item(s) in profit or loss in which the gain or loss is recognised (if not presented separately).