Business combination

Investments in Associates 1st and best read

Investments in Associates 1st and best read – Just as a starter, two definitions!

Associate: An entity, including an unincorporated entity such as a partnership, over which an investor has significant influence and which is neither a subsidiary nor an interest in a joint venture. Investments in Associates 1st and best read

Significant influence: The power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee but it is not control or joint control over those policies. Investments in Associates 1st and best read

What are investments in associates?

A holding of 20% or more of the voting power (directly or through subsidiaries) will indicate significant influence unless it can be clearly demonstrated otherwise. If the … Read more

How is goodwill different from other intangible assets?

How is goodwill different from other intangible assets? An asset, which has no physical existence such as corporate intellectual properties (patents, trademarks, business methodologies and copyrights), trademarks, patents, software, goodwill and brand recognition are known to be an “Intangible asset”. So goodwill is and is not an intangible asset. Goodwill is a residual, unidentifiable, not separable asset. Intangibles are not that but…. How is goodwill different from other intangible assets

Separate identifiable intangible assets acquired

That is because identifiable intangible assets acquired in a business combination are recognised separately from goodwill [IFRS 3 B31]. An intangible asset is ‘identifiable’ if it arises from contractual or other legal rights or if it is separable [IAS 38 12]. Under certain criteria also … Read more

Customer relationships valuation

Introduction

Customer relationships valuation is based on valuation model. Here such a valuation model is presented to value customer contracts and the related customer relationship and the non-contractual customer relationships, as per IFRS 3 Business Combinations.

References (to familiarise yourself with the subject):

Customer contracts and the related customer relationships
Non-contractual customer relationships
Order or production backlog

What are the inputs to the model?

Revenue

Revenue – represents revenue from existing customer relationships for existing products. Includes contractual and non-contractual relationships (even those without current backlog or commitments). Separate valuation of a backlog revenue intangible asset can be considered if and when such backlog exists.

The model assumes a “market participant” point of view, therefore revenue/earnings assumptions … Read more

IAS 38 Non-contractual customer relationships

IAS 38 Non-contractual customer relationships, in Business Combinations, this is a intangible asset and is therefore recognised separately from goodwill, provided that its fair value can be measured reliably. This customer-related intangible asset does not arise from contractual or other legal rights, but meets the definition of an intangible asset because it is separable. IAS 38 Non-contractual customer relationships

IAS 38 Non-contractual customer relationships

If a customer relationship acquired in a business combination does not arise from a contract, the relationship is an intangible asset if it meets the separability criterion. Exchange transactions for the same asset or a similar asset provide evidence of separability of a non-contractual customer relationship and might also provide information about exchange prices that should be considered when estimating fair … Read more

Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

Investments in Joint Ventures Overview that is what this is……

An entity with joint control of an investee shall account for its investment in a joint venture using the equity method except when that investment qualifies for exemption in IAS 28. Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

The exemptions include:Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

  • if the entity is a parent that is exempt from preparing consolidated financial statements by the scope exception in paragraphs 4(a) of IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements; or Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
  • all of the following apply: Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
    1. the entity is a wholly-owned subsidiary, or is a partially-owned subsidiary of another entity and its other owners, including those not otherwise entitled
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Identify and separate Intangible assets

The acquirer recognises, separately from goodwill, the identifiable intangible assets acquired in a business combination. An intangible asset is identifiable if it meets either the separability criterion or the contractual-legal criterion. Identify and separate Intangible assets Identify and separate Intangible assets

An intangible asset that meets the contractual-legal criterion is identifiable even if the asset is not transferable or separable from the acquiree or from other rights and obligations. For example:Read More »Identify and separate Intangible assets