Significant financing component

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Many transactions contain a significant financing component because the customer pays substantially before or after the goods or services have been provided. This can benefit the entity if the customer is financing the transaction by paying early, or this can benefit the customer if the entity finances the customer by delivering the good or service before payment occurs. Under either circumstance, the entity is required to reflect the effects of the financing component in the transaction price by considering the time value of money (interest element). This requirement ensures that entities recognise revenue at the amount that reflects the cash payment that the customer would have made at the time the goods or services were transferred (cash … Read more

IFRS 13 Relief from royalty method

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IFRS 13 Relief from royalty methodIFRS 13 Relief from royalty method – The ‘Royalty Relief’ (also known as Relief from Royalty) method is based on the notion that a brand holding company owns the brand and licenses it to an operating company.  One method to determine the market value of Intellectual Property assets like patents, trademarks, and copyrights is to use Relief from royalty method (also known as Royalty avoidance approach or Royalty Relief approach). This approach determines the value of Intellectual Property assets by estimating what it would cost the business if it had to purchase the Intellectual Property (IP) it uses from an outsider. Other valuation methods are provide here.

This approach requires the valuator to

  1. project future sales
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Intrinsic value

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Intrinsic value – The difference between the fair value of the shares to which the counterparty has the (conditional or unconditional) right to subscribe or which it has the right to receive, and the price (if any) the counterparty is (or will be) required to pay for those shares. For example, a share option with an exercise price of CU15, on a share with a fair value of CU20, has an intrinsic value of CU5.

In finance, intrinsic value refers to the value of a company, stock, currency or product determined through fundamental analysis without reference to its market value. It is also frequently called fundamental value. It is ordinarily calculated by summing the discounted future income generated by the asset to obtain the present value. It is … Read more

Convertible notes

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Convertible notes are a form of long-term debt that converts into equity, typically in conjunction with a future financing round; in effect, the investor would be loaning money to a startup and instead of a return in the form of principal plus interest, the investor would receive equity in the company rather than interest income. Convertible notes

The primary advantage of issuing convertible notes is that it does not force the issuer and investors to determine the value of the company when there really might not be much to base a valuation on – in some cases the company may just be an idea. That valuation will usually be determined during the Series A financing when there … Read more

Calculations IFRS 16 Leases

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Calculations IFRS 16 Leases is a case regarding fixed lease payments depending on an index and rent-free period. This case is rather simple, fixed payments depending on an index and rent-free period. Here are only included the journal entries to be made at the inception of the lease contract.

This contract comprises a lease contract for the lease of office space, archive space, inside garage space and outside parking places. The contract consist of special and general conditions. The special conditions prevail the general conditions. Calculations IFRS 16 Leases

The lease contract has a lease term of 12 consecutive years (144 months), starting date is 1 March 2015, ending date is 28 February 2027. Tacit renewal Read more

Key differences between GM and VFA Insurance

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Key differences between GM and VFA Insurance – The Variable Fee Approach (‘VFA’) is a modification of the General Model. The General Model is applied to insurance contracts without participation features or to insurance contracts with participation features that fail the Variable fee scope test. Thus, the VFA is applied to insurance contracts with direct participation features that contain the following conditions at initial recognition:

  1. the contractual terms specify that the policyholder participates in a share of a clearly identified pool of underlying items;Loan receivable classification and measurement 150x150 - Key differences between GM and VFA Insurance
  2. the entity expects to pay to the policyholder an amount equal to a substantial share of the returns from the underlying items; and
  3. a substantial proportion of the cash flows the entity expects
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Disclosure requirements IFRS 4 and IFRS 17

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Disclosure requirements IFRS 4 and IFRS 17 – Explanation of recognized amounts from IFRS 4 to IFRS 17

1 Introduction Disclosure requirements IFRS 4 and IFRS 17

[IFRS 17 (98), IFRS 17 (93)-(96)]

Disclosure requirements IFRS 4 and IFRS 17IFRS 4 requires an entity to disclose information that identifies and explains the amounts in its financial statements arising from insurance contracts. In order to comply with this objective, IFRS 4 outlines what should be disclosed regarding reconciliations, policies, methods and processes but provides limited guidance on how these disclosure requirements should be met.

IFRS 17 requirements are much more extensive. It requires the entity to provide specific reconciliations showing how the net carrying amounts of insurance contracts changed during the Read more

Disclosure of significant judgments for insurances

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Disclosure of significant judgments for insurances – Consistent with IAS 1, IFRS 17 requires disclosure of significant judgment and changes in judgment that an entity makes in applying the standard [IFRS 17 93 and IAS 1 122]. Specifically, an entity must disclose the inputs, assumptions and estimation techniques it has used, including [IFRS 17 117]:

  • Methods to measure insurance contracts within the scope of IFRS 17 and processes to estimate the inputs to those methods. Unless impracticable, an entity must also provide quantitative information about those inputs.
  • Any changes in methods and processes for estimating inputs used to measure contracts, the reason for each change, and the type of contracts affected.
  • to the
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