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Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

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Investments in Joint Ventures Overview that is what this is……

An entity with joint control of an investee shall account for its investment in a joint venture using the equity method except when that investment qualifies for exemption in IAS 28. Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

The exemptions include:Investments in Joint Ventures Overview

  • if the entity is a parent that is exempt from preparing consolidated financial statements by the scope exception in paragraphs 4(a) of IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements; or Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
  • all of the following apply: Investments in Joint Ventures Overview
    1. the entity is a wholly-owned subsidiary, or is a partially-owned subsidiary of another entity and its other owners, including those
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IFRS 16 Leases

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IFRS 16 Leases Introduction

IFRS 16 Scope

IFRS 16 Leases was introduced by IASB in January 2016. IFRS 16 Leases is effective for periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019. Early adoption is allowed, but only in conjunction with IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers because significant interactions are likely. This standard will significantly change how lessees account for leases as it removes the distinction between operating and finance leases (around 85% of lease contracts are operating leases). For lessors, IFRS 16 will only have minor effects.

Preceding IFRS

IFRS 16 Leases replaces four standards and interpretations on leases, IAS 17 Leases, IFRIC 4 Determining when an Arrangement contains a Lease, SIC 15 … Read more

Fixed income Accounting for expected credit losses

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The ability to delay the recognition of credit losses on loans until there is evidence of a trigger event has been identified as one of the weaknesses in the incurred loss model outlined in Fixed income Accounting for expected credit lossesIAS 39 for Fixed income Accounting for expected credit losses. To tighten up the credit loss rules, a forward-looking impairment model has been built into IFRS 9 that is applicable for bonds classified as amortized cost or FVOCI. Reporting entities are required to make Expected Credit Losses (ECL) calculations for these bonds.

Generally, the loss allowance shall be calculated at an amount equal to the 12-month ECL unless there has been a significant increase in credit risk since the purchase date of the … Read more

Example impairment and revaluation of a building

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Example impairment and revaluation of a building – On January 1, 2005 OwnPlus Inc. purchased a building for €2 million. Its estimated useful life at that date was 20 years and the company uses the straight-line depreciation method.

On December 31, 2009 the government embarked on a plan to construct a fly-over adjacent to the building and the related installation reduced the access to the building thereby decreasing the value of the building. TheExample impairment and revaluation of a building company estimated that it can sell the company for €1 million but it has to incur costs of €50,000. Alternatively, it if continues to use it the present value of the net cash flows the building will help in generating is €1.2 million.… Read more

The way to IFRS 9 Financial Instruments

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This is the way to IFRS 9 Financial Instruments, introducing the why? for this new IFRS standard. In July 2014 the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) published the 4th and final version of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments.

The way to IFRS 9 Financial Instruments

This was the conclusion of a major project started in 2002 as part of the Norwalk Agreement (WIKI) between the IASB and US Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) as a long term reform of financial instrument accounting.

The project had been divided into three phases in order to allow a step by step approach. Once a phase was completed, the corresponding chapters were created in IFRS 9 and withdrawn from IAS … Read more

Interest-free term loan No bank debt

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Interest-free term loan No bank debt is a case covering several interesting accounting issues under IFRS 9:

  • Initial recognition, recalculating interest-free to an imputed effective interest and classification of capital contribution,
  • Classification of the loan as at amortised costs (business model test and SPPI test),
  • Impairment triggering Interest-free term loan No bank debt
  • Credit stage assessment (Stage 1, Stage 2 or Stage 3)
  • Default assessment Interest-free term loan No bank debt

THE CASE

Parent A advances an unsecured loan for €1m to Subsidiary B on 1 January 2018 with the following terms:

  • 0% interest (assume that a market rate of interest for a similar loan is estimated at 7%);
  • €1m repayable in 5
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Refinancing of bank debt

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Refinancing of bank debt is a case of different intercompany financing arrangements at arm’s length investment terms and at (more of) intercompany investment terms or at (third party) bank finance terms. As a result it includes quite a lot of special explanations of issues faced in such less standard financing terms.

Assume Parent A advances a €200k unsecured loan to Subsidiary B on 1 January 2018. The loan is interest-free and is repayable in 5 years. At the same time, Bank X advances a €800k secured loan to Subsidiary B. The loan carries market rate of interest of 5% and is repayable in 5 years.

At initial recognition Parent A concluded that the loan to Subsidiary B Read more

IAS 41 Agricultural activity and produce

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IAS 41 Agricultural activity and produce – The objective of IAS 41 is to prescribe the accounting treatment and disclosures related to agricultural activity.IAS 41 Agricultural activity and produce

Scope IAS 41 Agricultural activity and produce

IAS 41 shall be applied to account for the following when they relate to agricultural activity:

  1. biological assets, except for bearer plants; IAS 41 Agricultural activity and produce
  2. agricultural produce at the point of harvest; and
  3. conditional or unconditional grants relating to a biological asset measured at its fair value less costs to sell.

IAS 41 does not apply to:

  1. land related to agricultural activity;
  2. bearer plants related to agricultural activity. However, IAS 41 applies to the produce on those bearer plants;
  3. government grants related
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IAS 34 Interim financial statements

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IAS 34 Interim financial statements provide all there is to know for producing Interim financial statements, what, where, when and what is in them.

Objective

IAS 34 prescribes the guidelines for an entity regarding the preparation of interim financial statements by providing information about the minimum contents of interim financial reports along with the recognition and measurement principles for such financial reports. These interim financial reports will provide the most recent activities, circumstances and financial affairs of the reporting entity

Scope

IAS 34 does not define, which entity is required to publish the interim financial reports, the time period after the end of interim period within which these financial reports should be published and how frequently these Read more

Hyperinflation in Argentina

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Hyperinflation in Argentina – Argentina is now (October 2019) considered to be a hyperinflationary economy. IAS 29 – Financial Reporting in Hyperinflationary Economies is therefore applicable to entities whose functional currency is the Argentine peso.

Assessment of the situation

Hyperinflation in ArgentinaIAS 29 sets out a number of quantitative and qualitative characteristics for the purpose of assessing whether an economy is hyperinflationary (IAS 29 3), including:

  • the general population prefers to keep its wealth in non-monetary assets or in a relatively stable foreign currency (e.g., the US dollar or the euro);
  • transactions are conducted in terms of a relatively stable foreign currency;
  • sales and purchases on credit take place at prices that compensate for the expected loss
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