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Events after the Reporting period

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When should a reporting entity recognise events after the reporting period in the financial statements that are being finalised?

What are the disclosures that should be given about the date when the financial statements were authorised for issue and about the events after the reporting date?

The answers look a bit colorful but are spot on and short……

The events

The three important terms were it is all about are:

1. Events after the reporting period:

are those events, favourable and unfavourable, that occur between the end of the reporting period and the date when the financial statements are authorised for issue. (IAS 10 3 Definitions)

2. Adjusting events:

are events occurring after the reporting Read more

The Statement of Cash Flows

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A Historical Perspective on the Statement of Cash Flows

In 1987, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued an accounting standard, FASB Statement no. 95, requiring that the statement of cash flows be presented as one of the three primary financial statements. Previously, companies had been required to present a statement of changes in financial position, often called the funds statement. In 1971, APC Opinion no. 19 made the funds statement a required financial statement although many companies had begun reporting funds flow information several years earlier.

The funds statement provided useful information, but it had several limitations. First, APB Opinion no. 19 allowed considerable flexibility in how funds could be defined and how they were reported Read more

Types of accounting errors

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Types of accounting errors come in the form of different kinds of errors. Some errors are discovered in the period in which they are made and are easily adjusted. Others may not be discovered currently and are incorrectly reflected in the financial statements until discovered. Some errors are never discovered; however, the effects of these errors may be counterbalanced in subsequent periods, and after this takes place, account balances are again accurately stated. Errors may be classified as follows:

  1. Errors discovered currently in the course of normal accounting procedures. Examples of this type of error are clerical errors, such as an addition error, posting to the wrong account) misstating an account, or omitting an account from
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Examples of adjustments of errors

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Examples of adjustments of errors – When errors affecting income are discovered, careful analysis is necessary to determine the required action to correct the account balances. As indicated, most errors will be caught and adjusted prior to closing the books. The few material errors not detected until subsequent periods and those that have not already been counterbalanced must be treated as prior-period adjustments. See also ‘Types of errors‘.

The following sections describe and illustrate the procedures to be applied when error adjustments require prior-period adjustments. It is assumed that each of the errors is material. Errors that are discovered usually affect the income tax liability for a prior period. Amended tax returns are usually prepared Read more

Interest-free term loan No bank debt

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Interest-free term loan No bank debt is a case covering several interesting accounting issues under IFRS 9:

  • Initial recognition, recalculating interest-free to an imputed effective interest and classification of capital contribution,
  • Classification of the loan as at amortised costs (business model test and SPPI test),
  • Impairment triggering Interest-free term loan No bank debt
  • Credit stage assessment (Stage 1, Stage 2 or Stage 3)
  • Default assessment Interest-free term loan No bank debt

THE CASE

Parent A advances an unsecured loan for €1m to Subsidiary B on 1 January 2018 with the following terms:

  • 0% interest (assume that a market rate of interest for a similar loan is estimated at 7%);
  • €1m repayable in 5
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Refinancing of bank debt

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Refinancing of bank debt is a case of different intercompany financing arrangements at arm’s length investment terms and at (more of) intercompany investment terms or at (third party) bank finance terms. As a result it includes quite a lot of special explanations of issues faced in such less standard financing terms.

Assume Parent A advances a €200k unsecured loan to Subsidiary B on 1 January 2018. The loan is interest-free and is repayable in 5 years. At the same time, Bank X advances a €800k secured loan to Subsidiary B. The loan carries market rate of interest of 5% and is repayable in 5 years.

At initial recognition Parent A concluded that the loan to Subsidiary B Read more

Asset accumulation valuation example

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Asset accumulation valuation example  – The asset accumulation method and the adjusted net asset method are both generally accepted business valuation methods of the asset-based business valuation approach. Here is an example of the asset accumulation method:

A valuation expert has been retained to estimate the fair market value of the total equity of Brown Client Company (“Brown”) as of December 31, 2016. Let’s assume that Brown is a family-owned construction contractor company. Asset accumulation valuation example

The valuation expert decided to use the asset-based valuation approach and the asset accumulation valuation method. sset accumulation valuation example

The Brown GAAP-basis balance sheet for December 31, 2016, is presented on Exhibit 1. All financial data … Read more

IFRS 13 Asset accumulation method

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IFRS 13 Asset accumulation method – The asset accumulation method and the adjusted net asset method are both generally accepted business valuation methods of the asset-based business valuation approach.

The asset accumulation method is well suited for business and security valuations performed for transaction, taxation, and controversy purposes. All business valuation approaches and methods can indicate the defined value of the subject business entity. IFRS 13 Asset accumulation method

In addition, the asset accumulation method also helps to explain the concluded value—by specifically identifying the value impact of each category of the subject entity assets and liabilities.

IFRS 13 Asset accumulation methodThis informational content of the asset accumulation method is particularly useful in a transaction, taxation, or controversy context when … Read more

In compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards

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In compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards – Any entity asserting that a set of financial statements is in compliance with IFRS complies with all applicable standards and related interpretations, and makes an explicit and unreserved statement of compliance in the notes to the financial statements. Compliance with IFRS encompasses disclosure as well as recognition and measurement requirements. [IAS 1 16] In compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards

A few examples of such a compliance statement are provided here: In compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards

In compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards

Source: Unilever Annual Report and Accounts 2018

Source BP Annual report and Form 20-F 2018 In compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards

The IASB does not carry out any … Read more

IAS 34 Interim financial statements

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IAS 34 Interim financial statements provide all there is to know for producing Interim financial statements, what, where, when and what is in them.

Objective

IAS 34 prescribes the guidelines for an entity regarding the preparation of interim financial statements by providing information about the minimum contents of interim financial reports along with the recognition and measurement principles for such financial reports. These interim financial reports will provide the most recent activities, circumstances and financial affairs of the reporting entity

Scope

IAS 34 does not define, which entity is required to publish the interim financial reports, the time period after the end of interim period within which these financial reports should be published and how frequently these Read more