Valuing A Research And Development Project – FAQ | IFRS

Valuing a Research and development project

The reporting entity acquires a research and development (R&D) project in a business combination. The entity does not intend to complete the project.

If completed, the project would compete with one of its own projects (to provide the next generation of the entity’s commercialized technology). Instead, the entity intends to hold (i.e., to lock up) the project to prevent its competitors from obtaining access to the technology. In doing this, the project is expected to provide defensive value, principally by improving the prospects for the entity’s own competing technology.

To measure the fair value of the project at initial recognition, the highest and best use of the project would be determined on the basis of its use by market participants.

For example:

  1. The highest and best use of the R&D project would be to continue development if market participants would continue to develop the project and that use would maximize the value of the group of assets or of assets and liabilities in which the project would be used (i.e., the asset would be used in combination with other assets or with other assets and liabilities). That might be the case if market participants do not have similar technology, either in development or already commercialized. The fair value of the project would then be measured on the basis of the price that would be received in a current transaction to sell the project, assuming that the R&D would be used with its complementary assets and the associated liabilities and that those assets and liabilities would be available to market participants.
  2. The highest and best use of the R&D project would be to cease development if, for competitive reasons, market participants would lock up the project and that use would maximize the value of the group of assets or of assets and liabilities in which the project would be used. That might be the case if market participants have technology in a more advanced stage of development that would compete with the project if completed and the project would be expected to improve the prospects for their own competing technology if locked up. The fair value of the project would be measured on the basis of the price that would be received in a current transaction to sell the project, assuming that the R&D would be used (i.e., locked up) with its complementary assets and the associated liabilities and that those assets and liabilities would be available to market participants.
  3. The highest and best use of the R&D project would be to cease development if market participants would discontinue its development. That might be the case if the project is not expected to provide a market rate of return if completed and would not otherwise provide defensive value if locked up. The fair value of the project would be measured on the basis of the price that would be received in a current transaction to sell the project on its own (which might be zero).

Valuing a Research and Development Project

Valuing a Research and Development Project

Valuing a Research and Development Project

Valuing a Research and Development Project

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